Career Fields

ScienceScience

Explore the Science Frontier.

National Guard pioneers of science are on the forefront of chemical, biological and radiological defense. Their advanced training and abilities allow them to challenge issues ranging from environmental to geographical to nuclear.


STEM CAREER GUIDE
Find the STEM career that’s right for you and get a sense of what it takes to be a STEM Soldier.

  • 74A CBRN Officer

    OVERVIEW
    A Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear officer commands the Army branch that specifically defends against the threat of CBRN weapons and Weapons of Mass Destruction. These officers lead an extraordinary chemical unit that is completely dedicated to protecting our nation.

    JOB DUTIES

    • Command CBRN operations during combat/peacetime
    • Coordinate employment of CBRN Soldiers at all levels of command
    • Instruct CBRN skills at service schools and training centers


    REQUIREMENTS
    Those who want to serve must first take the Armed Forces Vocational Aptitude Battery, a series of tests that helps you better understand your strengths and identify which Army jobs are best for you.

    TRAINING
    Job training for a CBRN officer includes completion of the CBRN Basic Officer Leaders Course Phase III, where you will learn leadership skills, tactics and operational aspects used in a chemical platoon. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and in the field.

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are: 

    • CBRN defense procedures and toxic agent training
    • Preparing chemical units and serving as a battalion CBRN officer
    • HAZMAT Operations Certifications (Department of Defense – accredited)
    • Demolition exposures

    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    General Technical (GT): 110


    HELPFUL SKILLS
    Self-discipline, confidence and intelligence
    Physically and mentally fit to perform under pressure
    Ability to make quick decisions
    Capable of bearing numerous responsibilities

  • 92L Petroleum Laboratory Specialist

    OVERVIEW
    Refine and test the fuel that moves the Guard. Use specialized science to evaluate and recommend petroleum products to fit the needs of the ever-changing battlefield. Conduct laboratory tests on samples and apply safety procedures in handling volatile products.

     

    JOB DUTIES

    • Gather samples and test petroleum products
    • Evaluate test results and make recommendations on products
    • Follow the American Society for Testing and Materials guidelines
    • Safely handle volatile products in case of a fire or emergency 

     

    REQUIREMENTS
    To serve in the Guard, you must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). It’s a series of tests that helps you better understand your strengths and identifies which Army job is best for you.

     

    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Skilled Technical (ST): 91

     

    TRAINING
    To become a petroleum laboratory specialist, you will train for 10 weeks at Basic Training, where you will learn basic soldiering skills. After that, there are 10 weeks of Advanced Individual Training and on-the-job instruction. You will split this time between the classroom and the field.

    Advanced Individual Training: 10 weeks

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Testing methods
    • Use of lab equipment, such as the centrifuge and spectrometer

     

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in chemistry and mathematics
    • Ability to follow detailed procedures
    • Interest in performing technical work
  • 12B Combat Engineer

    OVERVIEW

    Get your team out of any tough spot. Supervise and assist your team as it tackles rough terrain during combat operations. You will also construct fighting positions, prime and detonate explosives, and become an expert in general engineering.

    JOB DUTIES

    •    Build fighting positions, defensive positions, and floating or fixed bridges
    •   
    Place and detonate explosives
    •   
    Clear paths of obstacles
    • 
       Install firing systems for demolition
    •   
    Detect mines visually or with mine detectors


    TRAINING

    Fourteen weeks of One Station Unit Training, which includes Basic Combat Training and Advanced Individual Training. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field with on-the-job instructions.

    One Station Unit Training: 14 weeks at Fort Leonard Wood, MO 

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Basic demolitions
    • Basic explosive hazards
    • Constructing wire obstacles
    • Fixed-bridge building
    • Basic urban operations
    • Operating heavy equipment


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)

    Combat (CO): 87

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Ability to use hand and power tools
    • Perform strenuous physical activities over long periods of time
    • Interest in engineering
    • Enjoy working outdoors


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS

    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career in the fields of construction, building inspection or building engineering.

  • 35P Cryptologic Linguist

    OVERVIEW
    Play a critical role in the Guard. Our nation’s defense depends largely on information that comes from foreign languages. That’s where you come in. It’ll be your job to decipher that information and use equipment to strategically eavesdrop on the enemy.

    JOB DUTIES

    • Identify and analyze foreign communications
    • Recognize changes in transmission modes
    • Provide translation expertise to analysts
    • Provide transcriptions and translations from foreign communications


    TRAINING

    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and six to 52 weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom, and part in the field.

    Advanced Individual Training: 6 to 52 weeks, based on language, at Goodfellow Air Force Base, TX 

    Soldiers who aren’t fluent in a foreign language will attend training at the Defense Language Institute for six to 18 months prior to attending Advanced Individual Training.

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Identifying foreign communications from an assigned geographic area
    • Analyzing foreign communications to support missions
    • Procedures for handling classified information and preparing reports


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Talent for foreign languages
    • Interest in speech, communications and foreign languages
    • Good at working with people as a member of a team
    • Enjoy reading and writing


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Skilled Technical (ST): 91

    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    352N Traffic Analysis Technician

    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career as a translator for government agencies, embassies, universities and companies that conduct business overseas.


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